Osteopenia and osteoporosis may be prevented or treated. Established osteoporosis is difficult to treat once it has developed. The fractures may be treated, further bone loss may be stopped, and the bone mass may even be increased. However, the original bone mass and the disrupted architecture of the osteoporotic bone will never be normalized, and the patient will continue to be at increased risk of getting new osteoporotic fractures. Prevention of osteoporosis is therefore a very important issue and it must be understood that osteoporosis can be almost entirely prevented. It is never too early to start preventing osteopenia and osteoporosis. Regular exercise, healthy lifestyle choices, proper diet, calcium and vitamin D intake and certain medications all influence the state of the bones.
How can Osteopenia and Osteoporosis be detected?
A simple DEXA bone density scan will determine if you are suffering from osteopenia or osteoporosis. The accuracy of this diagnostic test enables direction of any future necessary care and treatment.
What about treatment?
Follow the health care professional's recommendations. Depending on the severity of the osteopenia or osteoporosis, the recommendation may include drug treatment and/or calcium and vitamin D replacement therapy. Medication/treatment could include methods such as Hormone Replacement Therapy or biphosphonate drugs.
About the Test
Make an appointment and on arrival you will be asked to complete a questionnaire to help us assess your personal risk. You will have a brief discussion with the scanner operator before your scan takes place and then you will be asked to remove your jewellery and place your forearm in the scanner; there is no need to undress. The scan will take just two minutes, with details visible on a screen. Your results are printed and explained to you. If your bone strength is lower than it should be for your age group, we may ask if we can send a report to your GP; this is included in the cost.
Monitoring your bone density and checking the effectiveness of medication is important. A follow-up scan may be recommended at intervals, depending on your results. This could be anything ranging from 18 months to 7 years. The pDEXA scan is suitable for women and men aged between 20 and 90 years. The patient must not be pregnant, and should not have given birth in the previous two years simply to ensure that normal bone strength is resumed and an accurate assessment is made. Regular sessions are held at our own clinics and we can operate at any suitable location for groups of people.